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The Internally Displaced Persons

 
The U.N and IDPs

The United Nations have contributed to the return of the displaced as early as 1992, after the end of the war and the creation of the Ministry of the Displaced. The assistance provided by the UN to the Lebanese Government in this field is described in the following two major programs: "A'idoun" that was initiated and implemented in 1992 and the "United Nations Reintegration and Socio-Economic Rehabilitation of the Displaced Programme (1994-2002)".


"A'idoun"

It is a nationally implemented program launched by the Ministry of the Displaced, in cooperation with UNDP and UNESCO.

"A'idoun" program sought to meet socio-economic needs for the return of the displaced. The first stage projected to reconstruct buildings and houses. The biggest challenge of the return process was to make it permanent. The question remained about the will of the displaced persons to leave urban areas and return to their rural villages, where living conditions were not favorable and encouraging. Obviously, in order to make this return permanent, a program should include developmental projects which would support the socio-economical apsects.

For more informations concerning the A'idoun Program, see the 60-pages report about Displacement in Lebanon on the official Lebanese Republic website www.lebanon.com/lebanese-republic (english and arabic).

" The United Nations Reintegration and Socio-Economic Rehabilitation of the Displaced Programme (1994-2002)"

The United Nations Programme for the Displaced (supported by the Ministry of the Displaced and the UNDP - United Nations Development Programme)


With the end of the civil war, the Lebanese Government initiated a study of the displaced issue and constituted in 1992 a Ministry for the Displaced. The executive programme of the Ministry aimed at attaining the highest number of returning families making maximum use of available resources in the different sectors. Within the framework of this national programme, the United Nations organisations provide economic and social support to solve the issue of the displaced. The United Nations Reintegration and Socio-Economic Rehabilitation of the Displaced Programme aimed at supporting the national programme for the return of the displaced. Since 1994, the programme supported

by the UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) have focused on housing resettlement and reconstruction, in addition to the rehabilitation and reconstruction of basic infrastructure in the different destroyed regions. The first phase of the programme continued for 4 years, after which the second phase began in 1998.

  Infrastructure rehabilitation

First phase of the Programme

- Supporting the local communities in displaced villages in identifying their social and economic needs, and finding ways to respond to these needs;
- Providing technical assistance to the Ministry of the Displaced in the development of programmes and projects that are needed for the returning process and that aim at encouraging returnees to reintegrate their region;
- Mobilizing resources for different programmes and projects for returnees.

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¨ Main achievements of the first phase

- Formulating an integrated development plan for social and economic sectors that constitutes the basis of the development strategy of the Ministry in these two sectors;
- Compiling village profiles with detailed geographic, demographic, social and economic information, as well as the identification of needs in different villages;
- Preparing detailed sectoral project sheets, and supporting the resource mobilization process for socio-economic development in the region.

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Second Phase of the programme

The second phase of the programme emphasized "pull geographic areas" with geographic, demographic and socio-economic characteristics that would strengthen the returning process. This phase also emphasized interventions and projects that aim at reconciliation and reintegration between the displaced/returnees and residents, especially focusing on the youth.

Within this context, a strategy for the second phase was prepared. This strategy included interventions in the economic sector (agricultural development, handicrafts, small credit and income generation), social sector (education, health, environment, youth, women, and vulnerable groups), and small-scale community infrastructure (agricultural roads, irrigation canals, sport playgrounds, retaining walls...).

The programme focuses its activities on the cazas of Chouf, Aley and Baabda, with special emphasis on the following pivots :
- Damour pivot (7 villages)
- Bhamdoun pivot (12 villages)
- Al-Harf pivot (9 villages)
- Joun pivot (12 villages)
- Reconciliation villages (17 villages, including Barouk, Maaser Chouf, Mazraat Chouf, KfarKatra, Kfar Nabrakh, Breih, Bourjein, Naameh, Salima...)

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